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5 Ways Physiotherapy Treatment Helps in Lower Back Pain!

Lower back pain affects many individuals worldwide, making it a significant health issue that spans all age groups and professions. This type of pain can stem from various sources, ranging from everyday activities involving poor posture, such as sitting for longer periods of time at a desk, to more strenuous physical exertion, like lifting heavy objects incorrectly. 

Research indicates that chronic low back pain affects up to 23 percent of adults globally, and the recurrence rates within one year range from 24-80 percent, showing how impactful this pain can be. Physiotherapy can be a highly efficient way to reduce lower back pain. In this blog, we will discuss the top 5 ways physiotherapy treatment helps with lower back pain.

Ways Physiotherapy Helps to Reduce Lower Back Pain 

Physiotherapy can be an important component in managing and reducing lower back pain by utilizing specialized techniques tailored to individual needs. Some common treatments of physiotherapy for lower back pain are:

Manual Therapy

Manual therapy is physiotherapy that involves the hands-on manipulation of muscles and joints. It is divided into several techniques:

Massage: Therapeutic massage is crucial for relaxing stiff muscles, enhancing proper blood circulation, and reducing muscle tension in the lower back area. This method provides immediate relief by soothing tender muscles and facilitating a quicker recovery.

Mobilization: This technique involves the gentle movement of the vertebrae and joints of the low back. By carefully manipulating these areas, physiotherapists help increase flexibility, ease pain, and restore normal movement. This reduces discomfort and improves overall spinal function, which is essential for daily activities and for preventing future injuries.

Ultrasound Therapy

Ultrasound therapy utilizes sound waves that penetrate deep to target soft tissue and joints. This method is particularly effective in promoting healing processes because it can increase blood flow and decrease inflammation at the site of pain. Additionally, ultrasound can help reduce muscle spasms, a common symptom of lower back pain, thereby providing considerable relief.

TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)

TENS is a non-invasive therapy that uses low-voltage electrical currents to relieve pain. This technique involves placing electrodes on your skin near the affected area where electrical impulses are delivered. These impulses help disrupt the pain signals sent to the brain and can effectively manage chronic lower back pain. 

Heat and Ice Therapy

Heat and ice therapy are traditional yet effective methods for treating back pain. Here is how they work:

  • Heat therapy boosts blood flow to the affected area, relaxes and soothes muscle tissue, and alleviates discomfort. This therapy is particularly beneficial for chronic stiffness and injury recovery.
  • On the other hand, cold therapy (Cryotherapy) helps reduce inflammation and numbs acute pain. It also slows nerve impulses, which helps interrupt the cycle of pain and muscle spasms. By alternating between hot and cold treatments, physiotherapists can effectively manage the symptoms of lower back pain, providing relief and promoting recovery.

Physiotherapy for Strengthening Core Muscles

Lower back pain can be attributed to muscle weakness and tightness in the core and lower back regions. Consulting with a physiotherapist can help you develop customized exercise regimens aimed at these critical areas. 

Focusing on strengthening the core muscles, including those surrounding the lower back and abdomen, provides better support for the spine. Thus, you can alleviate current pain and prevent its recurrence. Additionally, physiotherapists incorporate stretching routines into the treatment plan, enhancing flexibility and reducing stiffness, which are vital to managing back discomfort.

Physiotherapy for Improving Mobility & Function

Lower back pain can severely limit an individual’s ability to move freely, significantly impacting daily life. Physiotherapy treatments introduce a patient to specific exercises designed to enhance mobility. 

These exercises are coupled with training by a physiotherapist in proper techniques for performing everyday activities. This approach to treating lower back pain ensures that patients can carry out their daily tasks more effectively and with reduced pain, significantly enhancing their quality of life.

Physiotherapy Focusing on Ergonomic Adjustments

A crucial component of physiotherapy for lower back pain involves education on maintaining optimal posture, understanding ergonomics, and mastering body mechanics. Physiotherapists equip patients with the knowledge to adjust their posture and modify their daily activities to avoid the recurrence of back pain. 

Moreover, they guide lifestyle changes, such as effective weight management and the incorporation of regular physical activity, which play significant roles in the long-term management and prevention of lower back pain.

Physiotherapy Treatment Plan for Individual Needs

Lower back pain differs uniquely in each individual, requiring highly personalized physiotherapy treatments. Physiotherapists conduct thorough assessments to understand each patient’s specific condition, level of pain, and physical capabilities. 

Based on these assessments, they create individualized treatment plans to address the patient’s pain that align with their personal recovery goals. Whether the patient’s objectives involve returning to sports, resuming work, or simply achieving a pain-free lifestyle, the customized treatment plan is geared to facilitate these outcomes effectively.

Indications for Seeking Physiotherapist for Lower Back Pain

There are several signs indicating that physiotherapy may be necessary to address your back pain effectively. Some of them are listed below:

  • Difficulty with Daily Activities: If back pain prevents you from performing routine tasks, it’s time to consider physiotherapy.
  • Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty walking, lifting, or standing suggests the need for professional help.
  • Recurring Pain: If your back pain keeps returning, even after home treatments, seek a physiotherapist’s evaluation.
  • Persistent Pain: Pain lasting more than a week or two should be examined by a specialist to prevent long-term issues.
  • Sleep Disruption: If back pain is affecting your sleep, it might be time to consult with a physiotherapist.
  • Numbness or Tingling: These symptoms can indicate nerve damage and require immediate professional assessment.
  • Referred Pain: The pain that spreads to other areas like the neck or shoulders should be professionally evaluated.

Conclusion

Physiotherapy offers a tailored approach to managing lower back pain. It utilizes techniques like manual therapy, ultrasound, TENS, and thermal treatments to enhance the proper functioning of your lower back. By focusing on strengthening core muscles and improving mobility, physiotherapy treatment addresses immediate pain and works on preventive measures through ergonomic education and lifestyle adjustments. 

For those suffering from chronic or severe lower back issues, seeking physiotherapy can be a crucial step towards recovery and maintaining a pain-free lifestyle. Our physiotherapists at Bridgwater Physiotherapy are dedicated to managing your lower back pain and improving your quality of life. Don’t let lower back pain control your life. Contact us today to schedule an assessment and start your path to recovery.