Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition in which the cartilage surrounding the joint surfaces of the bones begins to break down, resulting in both swelling and pain. OA is most commonly found in the hips, knees, neck, low back and fingers. There are many risk factors for the development of OA, but the most common ones include age, female gender, obesity, traumatic injury, and repetitive overuse injuries.
The most important way to prevent and treat OA is with regular bouts of exercise, such as walking, biking, gardening, yoga, tai chi, pilates and many more options. Furthermore, an exercise program consisting of stretching, mobility and strengthening exercises can help greatly with the symptoms associated with OA.
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